Emotional intelligence in the workplace is critical, as it helps workers understand and regulate their own emotions when around their coworkers. The workplace can be a volatile environment, filled with stress, pressure, anxiety, and even drama from time to time. It can also be a place of happiness, contentment, and excitement. All of these facets can play a role in how someone feels at any given moment, and managing those feelings indicates their level of emotional intelligence (EI).
Emotional intelligence in the workplace contributes to how people handle their professional relationships. An office filled with even one person with low EI management may suffer from an increase in workplace conflict, decreased performance, and high turnover. On the other hand, teams with highly emotionally intelligent people will perform better, have increased job satisfaction, and experience better employee retention rates.
In this article, you’ll learn about what emotional intelligence is, why it’s important in the workplace, examples of low and high emotional intelligence, and how to improve its different characteristics.
Emotional Intelligence: A New Concept
If leadership at companies are only just beginning to get on board with the idea of emotional intelligence in the workplace, that should come as no surprise. Emotional intelligence is a relatively new concept that organizations are only starting to keep in mind when managing their workplaces. Peter Salovey and John Mayer, two professors in the United States, got the ball rolling on the concept back in 1990. They found, through their research, that some people were much better at identifying what other people felt and were able to solve problems dealing with these emotions.
Emotional intelligence eventually gained widespread recognition in 1995 thanks to the publication of Daniel Goleman’s Emotional Intelligence. Goleman wrote his book partly based on Salovey and Mayer’s research. It went on to become an international bestseller, and it wasn’t long before businesses wanted to adopt the ideas and apply them to their workplaces.
Why is Emotional Intelligence Important?
The old way of thinking emphasized a person’s IQ or intellectual quotient. If someone had a high IQ, that meant they were highly employable. That idea has transformed in recent years as more organizations realize it takes more than a high IQ for someone to be an excellent worker. Yes, organizations still want to hire smart people, but even more critical is an employee that knows how to navigate the office environment with all its ups and downs. In this sense, emotional intelligence (sometimes referred to as EI or EQ) may play a more critical factor in success than IQ.
What Researchers Found
Executives are quickly coming around to the importance of emotional intelligence in the workplace. In a recent survey, more than 40 percent of leaders stated that emotional intelligence would be a “must-have” skill within the next three years. Further research indicates why executives want their employees to have emotional intelligence at work. Here’s a quick look at some of the numbers:
- A study from UC Berkeley determined that emotional intelligence was four times better at predicting a person’s success than measuring IQ.
- On average, those who have high emotional intelligence earn $29,000 more than people who have low emotional intelligence.
- When looking at top performers at companies, 90 percent of them have high emotional intelligence scores.
- An internal study by PepsiCo found that managers with high emotional intelligence at work outperformed their annual revenue goals by up to 20 percent.
From these stats and many more, it’s no wonder companies have taken a keen interest in hiring people who demonstrate high emotional intelligence. They want to see their teams perform better and handle conflicts in a mature manner. As more organizations understand why emotional intelligence matters, it has become increasingly important for people to develop characteristics of someone with a high EQ score.
Emotional Intelligence Characteristics
It’s easy to say that companies should do all they can to hire emotionally intelligent people. It’s another thing to recognize what an emotionally intelligent person acts like. To better understand emotional intelligence in the workplace, a comparison may help. Let’s take a look at two fictional people, one who displays low emotional intelligence at work and one with highly developed EI management.
Someone with Low Emotional Intelligence
Gary works in marketing for a major agency. While his work is commendable, people in the workplace tend to avoid him. He does most of his work alone and does not want to be part of a team, saying that he prefers it that way. He can communicate with others, but much of his communication, verbally and through email, is done in either an aggressive or passive manner. When people share opinions with him, he usually dismisses them outright or he is very critical. Most worrying is that whenever something goes wrong, he refuses to take responsibility for it. He often makes himself out to be the victim and insists others are at fault.
Someone with High Emotional Intelligence
Christine heads up the sales department for a growing SaaS company, and everyone loves working for and with her. She knows how to solve problems and always promotes an atmosphere of positivity in the workplace. Christine encounters pressure-packed situations all the time but manages to stay calm and collected no matter how much stress she experiences. She knows how to handle difficult situations. Christine empathizes with her coworkers, understanding what they’re feeling. As a result, she has gained a reputation for resolving conflicts. She also listens carefully to criticisms and responds constructively, always seeking ways to improve upon her already excellent work.
Elements of Emotional Intelligence in the Workplace
Daniel Goleman, back when he first popularized emotional intelligence, broke the concept down into four elements: self-awareness, self-regulation, empathy, and social skill. Further research has expanded on this idea, with some experts including motivation as an additional element. These separate elements all work in tandem to promote high emotional intelligence in the workplace.
The element of self-awareness involves the ability to recognize one’s feelings and emotions. People with high self-awareness pay close attention to how they’re feeling at any given moment. They understand that their emotions have a close impact on how they respond to certain situations. They know that making a sudden decision during a highly emotional moment might lead to negative consequences down the road. Self-awareness also involves noting what a person’s particular strengths and weaknesses are. Perhaps someone knows they struggle to communicate with others, which makes them aware of what needs to change.
How to Improve Self-Awareness in the Workplace
- Talk with employees and listen to what they have to say
- Assess emotional weaknesses
- Create a morning routine that puts you in the right mood to start the day
- Avoid making decisions at the height of an emotional moment
- Create a daily schedule that ensures work gets done ahead of time
After someone becomes aware of their emotions, they next need to learn to regulate them. Self-regulation involves managing one’s feelings and learning how to adapt to different situations. Think of self-awareness as planning and self-regulation as the execution of the plan. With self-regulation, people learn how to control their emotions instead of allowing their emotions to control them.
How to Improve Self-Regulation in the Workplace
- Understand many things are out of your control
- Relieve stress with hobbies or meditation exercises
- Take a moment to pause before responding to criticism
- Call out toxic environments in a constructive manner
Those who demonstrate emotional intelligence in the workplace show a high degree of empathy. Becoming empathetic means being able to see what other people are going through. That means understanding how they feel. This becomes especially important when making business decisions that affect people in vastly different ways. Empathizing with others also involves reading verbal and nonverbal cues from coworkers as they may not always directly state how they’re feeling.
How to Improve Empathy in the Workplace
- Take the time to see a situation from another person’s point of view
- List out the potential outcomes of a decision and how it affects team members
- Get to know your employees
- Recognize others’ input and thank them for voicing an opinion
- Regularly praise other people’s work
The motivation element involves what drives a person. There are many sources of motivation such as wealth, fame, and power, but for people with high emotional intelligence, simply doing a good job is enough for them to get up every morning. Their motivation comes from enjoying what they do. They follow their passions and love reaching goals they set for themselves. In other words, their motivation is intrinsic rather than extrinsic.
How to Improve Motivation in the Workplace
- Focus on the positive
- Follow what you’re passionate about
- Practice having an optimistic attitude
- Avoid chasing material rewards
Those who want to work on having high emotional intelligence should concentrate on improving social skills. This element involves knowing how to react in social situations. If the moment calls for words of encouragement, you give them. If there’s a situation where listening would matter more, you take a moment to listen. People with great social skills say the right things at the right time. They communicate their ideas so others can understand them.
How to Improve Social Skills in the Workplace
- Practice public speaking, like talking in front of a mirror
- Be an active listener at all times
- Pay attention to nonverbal cues from others
- Help resolve workplace conflicts whenever they arise
The Benefits of Emotional Intelligence at Work
Nearly every aspect of business operations feels the impact of emotional intelligence. Take communication as one example. A workplace that experiences low emotional intelligence will quickly find communication difficult. People won’t trust each other to understand what they say or how they’re feeling. As a result, workers tend to retreat into silos, communicating with others only when necessary. This is out of fear of getting hurt in some way.
On the other hand, employees with workplaces that value high emotional intelligence benefit from great communication. Workers constantly exchange ideas and don’t suffer from misunderstandings or inappropriate remarks. The benefits extend beyond communication, though, and include better decision making and improved performance.
Enhance Emotional Intelligence Through Training
For companies experiencing problems rooted in low emotional intelligence, training could be the answer. This might be done through more informal means, such as through a mentor relationship. Mentors can guide workers, helping them know where they might be struggling. They also teach team members how to manage their EI and help them understand the overall importance of it.
Training for emotional intelligence can also happen through workshops put on by the organization. Through these workshops, employees can learn how to recognize their emotions, navigate tough situations, communicate as professionals, improve sensitivity, and deal with emotional stress. Whatever choices companies make, training should be ongoing, with regular checkups to make sure everyone is on the same page.
Emotional Intelligence is for Everyone
If even one person at work has low emotional intelligence, it affects everyone. Emotional intelligence should come from every position within a company. For this reason, managers, entry-level workers, executives, department heads, HR representatives, and more should work on improving their emotional intelligence. As workplace diversity increases, this needs to be a team effort or conflicts and misunderstandings will crop up. With a high emotional intelligence workplace, people can work in a positive work environment where everyone cares about each other’s success and happiness. That makes professional life better for everybody.
Ready to work on your emotional intelligence? You can start by reading the following books: